You can sue someone for not paying an invoice by filing the case in a small claims court.
In a small claims court, you file the amount you’re owed.
If the client owes you less than £10,000, you’ll file under the civil money claims .
You can make money claims online for amounts between £10,000 and £100,000
If the client owes you more than £5,000, you can serve them a statutory payment demand. This is a formal document alerting them to pay the amount within 21 days.
You can contact the court and have the case filed on paper.
The court you choose depends on where you live:
- In England and Wales: These regions have financial limits for claims in different courts.
- Scotland: You can claim a value of up to £5,000. You can make the claim via the sheriff’s court.
- Northern Ireland: Claims for £3,000 can be done online at the courts and tribunal service website.
If the client disputes your claim, the court will offer a mediator to try and resolve the issue before proceeding to court .
If the client still disputes the claim, you can instruct the court to make a judgement.
- Use the request for judgement form N225 if you made the claim for a fixed amount of cash .
- Use the request for judgement form N227 if you made the claim for an unspecified amount of cash .
A court hearing is inevitable if:
- The defendant claims that they don’t owe you money.
- The defendant disagrees with the sum you’ve quoted.
- You disagree with how the client has offered to pay you.
The court may send you a questionnaire to get more information from you at a fee .
Aside from the small claims court, you can sue someone under a civil lawsuit. This approach is recommended if the case is complicated and the amount you seek exceeds the limits for a small claim.